In recent decades, a polarization of the labor market has been observed in many industrialized countries, i.e. employment among middle-income groups has declined, and employment among low- and high-income groups has grown. This trend is attributed to the fact that middle- income groups are predominantly engaged in routine activities that can be replaced quite easily by new technologies and workers in other countries. In our research, we investigate the extent of these polarization tendencies in Germany and Europe. We are particularly interested in the effects on labor market structures, occupational mobility and wage developments.