Skip to main content

Ruhr Economic Papers #978


Joschka Flintz, Manuel Frondel, Marco Horvath, Colin Vance Ph.D.

Emission Effects of Germany's Vehicle Taxation: Recent Empirical Evidence

In 2021, Germany adjusted its vehicle taxation scheme, resulting in a disproportionate increase in the tax burden for vehicles with high carbon emission intensity. This article presents empirical evidence on the impact of Germany’s vehicle taxation and its reforms on automobile emissions. To this end, we refer to a series of recent studies by Klier and Linn (2015), Malina (2016), Alberini and Horvath (2021), and Flintz, Frondel, and Horvath (2022) on the reforms of Germany’s motor vehicle taxation since 2009, when an emissions-differentiated vehicle tax scheme came into force. The empirical results unanimously indicate that Germany’s vehicle taxation does not have the steering effect that is needed to substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

ISBN: 978-3-96973-143-7

JEL-Klassifikation: D12, H23

Link to the document