Social well-being and individual quality of life have increased significantly over the past 150 years. But from a global perspective, economic dynamics are still accompanied by increasing ecological burdens. The future ability of vital environmental systems to function is acutely threatened. Can the widely supported approach of “Green Growth” really secure societal welfare and individual quality of life while ensuring that the planetary boundaries are respected? How can technical progress be optimally promoted and at the same time steered in the right direction? The research group analyzes these questions also from a political economy perspective in order to understand "implementation gaps" in the political application of urgently needed measures and thereby contribute to closing them.