With the beginning of economic reform in the formerly centrally planned economics of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), open unemployment rapidly reached levels comparable to those in Western economies. Governments in the region reacted to this rise by adopting active labour market policies (ALMP) as an important tool in the fight against unemployment. Before reviewing the evidence on the efficacy of such policies we look at the scope and the rationale of ALMP measures in a transnational context. Since government budgets are very tight in these countries it is important to evaluate ALMP in a rigorous fashion. The paper analyses macroeconometric and microeconometric methods of program evaluation as they were applied in transition economies. Both these approaches have a raison d'être and should be understood as complementing. Providing a selective review of the literature, it is possible to highlight some of the strengths and the pitfalls of the two approaches. We also point to the lessons one can draw from the surveyed studies for a better understanding of how active measures affect labour market outcomes in this set of countries.
Lehmann, H. and J. Kluve (2010), Assessing Active Labour Market Policies in Transition Economies. In Floro Ernesto Caroleo and Francesco Pastore (Hrsg.), The Labour Market Impact of the EU Enlargement - A New Regional Geography of Europe?. Heidelberg: Springer, 275-307.