Second State of European Cities Report
Contract No. 2008CE160AT024
Research Project for the European Commission, DG Regional Policy
This State of the European Cities report is based on the Urban Audit, which now allows a comparison between 322 cities in the European Union (EU) and 47 non-EU cities (5 Croatian, 6 Norwegian, 10 Swiss and 26 Turkish cities). The most recent update of the data collection for 2004 considered in this report is from February 2009. It comprises data for 320 cities from the European Union, 6 Norwegian, 4 Swiss and 26 Turkish cities. Altogether, there is information about 356 cities in the data base analysed in this report. The Urban Audit is a Europe-wide collection of data about cities, which is coordinated by the European Commission (Directorate-General for Regional Policy and Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union) and was started in 1999. It is conducted in cooperation with national statistical offices from the European Union Member States as well as from Croatia, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey, and with cities concerned. The Urban Audit provides city data on different spatial levels: core cities, larger urban zones (LUZ), sub-city districts and national averages. The year 2002 saw the launch of the first large-scale Urban Audit data collection, comprising 258 cities in the EU Member States and accession countries. The data compiled up to 2002 comprised data for the year 2001 and restricted sets for 1991 and 1996. As noted above, the Urban Audit collects data for 369 cities. The resulting data set allows objective comparisons to be made between the cities included from across the European Union and beyond, in the fields of demography, social conditions, economic aspects, education, civic involvement, environment, transport and culture.