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Economic Modelling

Financial integration or financial fragmentation? A Euro area perspective

In this article we address the question of how strongly bank lending rates and credit volumes co-move across the euro area. Following the breakdown in the interest rate pass-through across the euro area, we aim to disentangle the relative importance of country-specific and common components in explaining the variance of the macro and financial variables by using a time-varying two-level dynamic factor model. Our results show that a high share is explained by the common component. However, we find a persistent decline in the importance of the common factor in the bank lending rates, indicating the presence of financial fragmentation. Furthermore, we find persistent heterogeneity across member states, specifically those hit hard by the sovereign-debt crisis.

Arce Alfaro, G. and B. Blagov (2022), Financial integration or financial fragmentation? A Euro area perspective. Economic Modelling, 114, 105902

DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2022.105902